每日2次,每次1-2粒,飯后15分鐘溫開水送服. This unit controls all aspects of the flight – including ascent, orbital flight and re-entry as well as the landing process. In March 1995 a deal was signed to transfer manned spacecraft technology to China. Phase 3 would involve orbiting of a 20-ton space station in the 2010–2015 period, with crews being shuttled to it using the 8-ton crewed spacecraft. The Entry Module houses the Central Terminal Unit – the triple redundant and majority-voting flight computer of the Shenzhou Spacecraft. It features a 0.7.meter hatch that separates it from the orbital module. At the top of the module is the Docking System of the Shenzhou Vehicle. Luckily, because the Shenzhou was more or less a Chinese version of the Soyuz, she was able to piece together what she needed to allow the Shenzhou to break apart from the surrounding Tiangong Station as what was left of it hurled through the Earth's upper atmosphere at over 25,000 feet per second. January 1998 astronaut candidate selection, Beijing Aerospace Command and Control Center, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, "China's Manned Space Program Takes the Stage at 26th National Space Symposium", "Expedition 7 Crew Members Welcome China to Space", "China's Shenzhou spacecraft – the "divine ship, https://web.archive.org/web/20120419165427/http://www.futron.com/upload/wysiwyg/Resources/Whitepapers/China_n_%20Second_Space_Age_1003.pdf, https://twitter.com/AJ_FI/status/1257644667258261510, "Brief history of Russian aid to Chinese space program", "Details on purchase of Soyuz descent capsule by China, Space.com", China National Space Administration (CNSA), R-7 (including Semyorka, Molniya, Vostok, Voskhod and Soyuz), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shenzhou_program&oldid=985741209, Space program of the People's Republic of China, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The debris strike slammed into the Chinese space station, shredding it and rapidly forcing the station out of it's orbit toward re-entry. The APAS System was used during the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project and Space Shuttle Missions to the Mir and ISS Space Stations. The main propulsion system of the Shenzhou vehicle is also located in the aft Service Module. Crews also wear Launch and Entry Suits that are very similar to Russian Sokol Suits. Instead, China decided in 1978 to pursue a method of sending astronauts into space using the more familiar FSWderived ballistic reentry capsules. Will continue construction of the Chinese Space Station. [9], The current Chinese human spaceflight program was authorized on 21 September 1992 by Standing Committee of Pulitburo as Project 921–1, with work beginning on 1 January 1993. The main chute slows the vehicle down to 8 meters per second as it makes its descent. • "Shenzhou". The Instrumentation or Service Module is located underneath the other two modules and houses equipment necessary to support the vehicle during its mission. The development began in 1992, under the name of Project 921-1. The Entry module is equipped with a single-fault tolerant parachute system. The Shenzhou program (/ˈʃɛnˈdʒoʊ/,[1] Chinese: 神舟) is a crewed spaceflight initiative by China. APAS docking rings can mate with any other APAS Docking ring unlike the traditional probe-and-drogue system that is still used by the Soyuz Spacecraft. The computers constantly monitor attitude, velocity and altitude to target a landing ellipse 30 km in range and 15 km laterally. China capsule docks with space lab Jump to media player China celebrates as its Shenzhou-9 capsule - carrying the nation's first female astronaut - links up with the Tiangong-1 space lab. The crew accommodations of the Entry module are derived from the Soyuz with three custom-made seat-liners for the crew that are equipped with shock-absorbing systems. CZ-2F launches from the Jiquan Satellite Launch Center. One is that the long-term destiny of humanity lies in the exploration of space, and that China should not be left behind. There were two astronaut trainers selected for Project 921. All these sensors provide information to the digital flight control system that is operating the vehicle automatically. It is based on the Russian Soyuz vehicle, however, it is larger in size and uses all-new construction and materials. The Orbital Module of the Shenzhou vehicle is located above the Entry Module and houses crew quarters, life support systems as well as mission specific items. The return capsule of the Shenzhou 8 spacecraft parachuted to a … Gravitymovie Wiki is a FANDOM Movies Community. Will deliver the first long-duration crew to the Chinese Space Station. Will be the final of four scheduled crewed Shenzhou missions dedicated to construction of the Chinese Space Station. [2] This was followed by two-year fellowships for 20 young Chinese engineers in Russia during 1992–1994. [citation needed]. The vehicle’s guidance system uses digital and analogue sun sensors, infrared horizon sensors, a strapdown inertial measurement unit, and a global positioning system receiver. These values are lower than the cost of similar space programs in other nations. The arrays consist of four sections each and provide a total surface area of 24.48 square meters. The program put the first Chinese citizen, Yang Liwei, into orbit on 15 October 2003. In September 1994 Chinese President Jiang Zemin visited the Russian Flight Control Centre in Kaliningrad and noted that there were broad prospects for co-operation between the two countries in space. [11], Like similar space programs in other nations, Shenzhou has raised some questions about whether China should spend money on launching people into space, arguing that these resources would be better directed elsewhere. Like Soyuz, Shenzhou consists of three modules: a forward orbital module (轨道舱), a reentry capsule (返回舱) in the middle, and an aft service module (推进舱). [8], China's first efforts at human spaceflight started in 1968 with a projected launch date of 1973. Ryan closed her eyes and put the helmet to her spacesuit on. At an altitude of 6 Kilometers, the Entry Module’s heat shield is jettisoned exposing an altimeter device and soft-landing engines. First Chinese crewed flight, 14 Earth orbits. Shenzhou missions are launched on the Long March 2F from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center. Rendezvous Navigation Data is acquired by a high-tech suite of radar, laser and optical sensors designed to provide range and relative velocity as well as alignment data to the vehicle’s navigation computers. Unlike the other two modules, the Orbital Section has a design life of 200 days and was left in Earth Orbit on early Shenzhou flights for various purposes. Carried scientific payload including monkey, dog, rabbit and other animals. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The solar arrays can be rotated to automatically track the Sun using a sensor system. Using the fire extinguisher to propel herself toward the Chinese space station, she slammed into it and managed to hang on as Tiangong dropped faster through the Earth's atmosphere and began a rapid descent. [3][4] Included in the agreement were training of cosmonauts, provision of Soyuz spacecraft capsules and life support systems, androgynous docking systems, and space suits. The Spacecraft made its maiden voyage in 1999 and performed its first manned mission in 2003 making Yang Liwei the first Taikonaut to orbit Earth. Several ellipsoid-shaped compartments house the avionics of the vehicle. The Service Module Reaction Control System consists of eight 150-Newton high-thrust pitch and yaw jets, eight low-thrust (5N) pitch and yaw jets as well as eight 5-Newton low-thrust engines for roll control mounted at the center of gravity. It can assume its role should the Entry Module’s unit fail during the flight and was also used for autonomous Orbital Module Missions earlier in the program. Tiangong continued breaking apart when the gravity took hold and dragged it down to Earth. It is outfitted with a dual-redundant Central Terminal Unit similar to that of the Entry Module. The command center of the mission is the Beijing Aerospace Command and Control Center. Four groups of four 5-Newton Hydrazine Thrusters can be mounted on the module for backup attitude control. The altimeter is used to provide altitude and rate of descent information to the flight computers during the final minutes of the landing sequence. The docking interface also includes connectors for power and data transfers. The capsule exploded forward, taking the lead of the debris field as the station fell apart with each passing second – erupting into lines of fire across the sky. The text in the Shenzhou is Mandarin Chinese according to the script. Four tanks can hold up to 1,000 kilograms of these propellants. Thus while the Shenzhou orbital module could be used for military reconnaissance, there appears to be no military reason for incorporating such a system in a crewed mission, as China could use purely uncrewed satellites for these purposes. [citation needed], The fifth launch, Shenzhou 5, was the first to carry a human (Yang Liwei) and occurred at 01:00:00 UTC on 15 October 2003. Archived from the original on 13 October 2005. Chinese Shenzhou capsule returns after docking mission BY STEPHEN CLARK SPACEFLIGHT NOW Posted: November 17, 2011. This Rendezvous Navigation system was developed in China and is not used aboard the Russian Soyuz Vehicle. 汉 鼢侣 鲻龉! Like the Soyuz, it consists of an orbital module, a return module and an engineering module. [citation needed].

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